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Maquette

April 27, 2015

A small sculpture that often serves as a scale-model for a larger piece


Lithography

A type of print made through the transfer of a wax-engraved design via a metal plate


Light art

The broad term referring to artwork made from one of a number of types of lights. Neon and LED lights are especially popular.


Institutional Critique

The practice of questioning the overarching institutions of the art world, such as museums, through artwork, often associated with artists like Andrea Fraser


Impasto

A textured surface resulting from the thick application of paint


Found Art

The use of objects taken from the outside world and appropriated as artwork.


Fluxus

An art movement that emerged in the late 1950s, primarily centered in New York but also present in Europe and Japan, characterized by conceptual performances known as Happenings and artwork that otherwise encouraged viewer participation. Key figures include Allan Kaprow, John Cage, George Maciunas, Yoko Ono and Nam June Paik.


Figurative

A type of artwork centered on the realistic portrayal of human figures


Expressionism

A movement that developed in the early 20th century, primarily in Germany and Austria that emphasized emotional impact and the subjective input of the artist rather than realism. Key figures include Egon Schiele, Gustav Klimt and Ernst Ludwig Kirchner.


Diptych

A painting with two separate parts


Digital Photography

Photographs taken using a digital camera and often processed with computer technology.


Dada

An artistic, musical and literary avant-garde movement that emerged as a reaction to World War 1 in Zurich and spread elsewhere, based largely upon chance and absurdity. Key figures include Marcel Duchamp, Jean Arp and Francis Picabia.


Cubism

A style developed circa 1910 by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque that sought to depict objects in a three-dimensional way similar to the way they are understood in life. Cubism is characterized by the fragmentation and thereby abstraction of imagery, and developed in two phases: Analytic and Synthetic Cubism. The period essentially came to a […]


Critical Theory

The developed language and theory behind looking at and analyzing art – art criticism.


Contemporary

Wide term to refer to all art produced post-World War II. Alternatively recent artwork, or what is currently happening


Conceptual Art

Art based primarily around a concept rather than a clear visual narrative


Biennial

A group exhibition that happens every two years. Most famous is the Venice Biennale


Bauhaus

A school developed in early-20th century Germany that sought to develop an art and design standard that would be integrated into life. Many prominent artists including Josef Albers were associated with Bauhaus. It was closed during the Nazi rule of Germany, and many of the associated artists emigrated to the United States.


Avant-garde

Any art movement that branches out from the conventional at a a particular moment in history


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