Co-founded by Jiro Yoshihara and Shozo Shimamoto in Osaka in 1954, the Gutai group was the key avante-garde formation of post-war Japan. Including artists like Kazuo Shiraga and Atsuko Tanaka, the Gutai group sought to create something new, providing the art of the era with a “concreteness” (the literal translation of the word “Gutai”) and stability in an uncertain society. A number of connections can be drawn between the Gutai group and parallel Western art movements such as Abstract Expressionism and Fluxus.